By Cindy WoodenVATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Pope Francis will declare Blesseds
Oscar Romero, Paul VI and four others saints Oct. 14 at the Vatican during the
meeting of the world Synod of Bishops, an institution Blessed Paul revived.
The date was announced May 19 during an "ordinary
public consistory," a meeting of the pope, cardinals and promoters of
sainthood causes that formally ends the sainthood process.
During the consistory, Cardinal Angelo Amato, prefect of the
Congregation for Saints' Causes, formally petitioned the pope "to enroll
in due course among the saints" six candidates for canonization "for
the glory of God and the good of the whole church."
Each of the candidates, the cardinal told the pope, gave
"a convinced and coherent witness to the Lord Jesus. Their example
continues to enlighten the church and the world in accordance with the
perspective of mercy that your Holiness never ceases to indicate and
Briefly giving a biographical sketch of the
candidates, Cardinal Amato said that during El Salvador's civil war, Archbishop
Romero, "outraged at seeing the violence against the weak and the killing
of priests and catechists, felt the need to assume an attitude of fortitude. On
March 24, 1980, he was killed while celebrating the Mass."
Reviewing the facts of Blessed Paul's life, Cardinal Amato
highlighted how, as a high-level official in the Vatican Secretariat of State
during World War II, the future pope "organized charitable assistance and
hospitality for those persecuted by Nazism and Fascism, particularly the
Pope Francis then certified that he had solicited the
opinion of the cardinals, who agreed that "these same blesseds should be
proposed to the whole church as examples of Christian life and holiness."
Blessed Romero, the archbishop of San Salvador, was
assassinated one day after calling on the government to end its violation of
the human rights of El Salvador's people.
While Catholics inside and outside El Salvador recognized
him as a martyr immediately, his sainthood cause was stalled for years as some
church leaders debated whether he was killed for his faith or for his politics.
As Pope Francis told a group of Salvadoran pilgrims in 2015,
even after his death Blessed Romero "was defamed, slandered, his memory
tarnished, and his martyrdom continued, including by his brothers in the
priesthood and in the episcopate."
In February 2015 Pope Francis signed the formal decree
recognizing Blessed Romero's martyrdom; the Salvadoran archbishop was beatified
three months later in San Salvador.
The Salvadoran bishops' conference and many Salvadorans had
hoped Pope Francis would preside over the canonization in San Salvador,
particularly because of the difficulty and expense of traveling to Rome.
Others, however, argued that holding the ceremony at the Vatican makes it clear
that Blessed Romero is a saint for the entire church, not just for the church
in El Salvador.
Salvadoran Cardinal Gregorio Rosa Chavez told TV2000, the
Italian bishops' television station, that he hoped Pope Francis would make a
brief trip to San Salvador in January to pray at the tomb of by-then St. Oscar
Romero. The pope will be in Central America for World Youth Day in Panama.
Blessed Paul VI, who was born Giovanni Battista Montini, was
pope from 1963 to 1978. He presided over the final sessions of the Second
Vatican Council and its initial implementation. He also wrote "Humanae
Vitae," a 1968 encyclical on married love, the 1975 apostolic exhortation
"Evangelii Nuntiandi" on evangelization and "Populorum Progressio,"
a 1967 encyclical on social development and the economy.
Speaking in 2013 to a group of pilgrims from Brescia, Italy,
Pope Paul's home diocese, Pope Francis said his predecessor had
"experienced to the full the church's travail after the Second Vatican
Council: the lights, the hopes, the tensions. He loved the church and expended
himself for her, holding nothing back."
And, beatifying Pope Paul in 2014, Pope Francis noted that
even in the face of "a secularized and hostile society," Pope Paul "could
hold fast, with farsightedness and wisdom -- and at times alone -- to the helm
of the barque of Peter while never losing his joy and his trust in the
Pope Francis referred to him as "this great pope, this
courageous Christian, this tireless apostle," who demonstrated a "humble
and prophetic witness of love for Christ and his church."
The other men and women to be canonized include: Father
Francesco Spinelli of Italy, founder of the Sisters Adorers of the Blessed
Sacrament; Father Vincenzo Romano, who worked with the poor of Naples, Italy,
until his death in 1831; Mother Catherine Kasper, the German founder of the
religious congregation, the Poor Handmaids of Jesus Christ; and Nazaria Ignacia
March Mesa, the Spanish founder of the Congregation of the Missionary Crusaders
of the Church.- - -Copyright © 2018 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at email@example.com.
IMAGE: CNS photo/HCSO, handout via ReutersBy HOUSTON (CNS) -- In response to the May 18 school shooting at
a Houston-area high school, Cardinal Daniel N. DiNardo of Galveston-Houston said the archdiocesan community would "unite to support and
offer healing to those affected."
a society, we must strive for a way to end such acts of senseless gun violence
in our schools and communities," he added in a May 18 statement.
cardinal said he was "deeply saddened" and that his prayer and the
prayers of Catholics in the archdiocese are with the "victims and families
of those killed and injured in this horrific tragedy."In a separate statement as president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Cardinal DiNardo said: "Our community and
our local church joins an ever-growing list of those impacted by the evil of
gun violence. I extend my heartfelt prayers, along with my brother bishops, for
all of those who have died, their families and friends, those who were injured,
and for our local community."
school shooting, occurring just three months after the shooting in Parkland,
Florida, took place when a male shooter opened fire at a Santa Fe High School the morning
of May 18 killing 10 people, most of them students. Another 10 were reported injured. A suspect taken into custody was identified as 17-year
old Dimitrios Pagourtzis and another person of interest also was detained
and questioned. Explosive
devices also were found at the school and off campus.
was the deadliest in Texas since a gunman attacked a rural church late last
year, killing more than two dozen people. "Sadly, I must yet
again point out the obvious brokenness in our culture and society, such that
children who went to school this morning to learn and teachers who went to
inspire them will not come home," Cardinal DiNardo said in his statement at USCCB president. "We as a nation must, here and now, say
definitively: no more death!"He prayed that "the Lord of life" would be "with us in our sorrow and show us how to honor the precious gift of life
and live in peace.""We
experienced an unthinkable tragedy at our high school this morning,"
Santa Fe Superintendent Leigh Wall said in a message posted to Facebook.
soon as the alarms went off, everybody just started running outside,"
10th-grader Dakota Shrader told reporters, "and next thing you know
everybody looks, and you hear boom, boom, boom, and I just ran as fast as I
could to the nearest floor so I could hide, and I called my mom."
student told CBS News he ran behind some trees, heard more shots, jumped a
fence and ran to a car wash. He said he saw firefighters treat a girl who had a
bandage around her knee and may have been shot.
Michael F. Burbidge of Arlington, Virginia, said in a May 18 tweet: "Please
keep the victims of the Houston-area school shooting in your prayers. Pray also
for their family members and friends who now begin a tragic grieving process.
For those killed, grant eternal rest unto them, O Lord, and bestow grace and
strength to all in their community."- - -Copyright © 2018 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at firstname.lastname@example.org.
IMAGE: CNS photo/Paul HaringBy Junno Arocho EstevesVATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Every bishop in Chile offered his
resignation to Pope Francis after a three-day meeting at the Vatican to discuss
the clerical sexual abuse scandal.
"We want to announce that all bishops present in Rome,
in writing, have placed our positions in the Holy Father's hands so that he may
freely decide regarding each one of us," Bishop Juan Ignacio Gonzalez Errazuriz of San Bernardo
said May 18 in a statement on behalf of the country's bishops.
The unprecedented decision was made on the final day of
their meeting May 15-17 with Pope Francis.
Bishop Fernando Ramos Perez of Santiago, secretary-general of the Chilean
said the pope had read to the 34 bishops a document in which he "expressed
his conclusions and reflections" on the 2,300-page report compiled by
Archbishop Charles Scicluna of Malta and his aide, Father Jordi Bertomeu,
during a visit to Chile to investigate the scandal.
"The pope's text clearly showed a series of absolutely
reprehensible acts that have occurred in the Chilean church in relation to
those unacceptable abuses of power, of conscience and sexual abuse that have
resulted in the lessening of the prophetic vigor that characterized her,"
Bishop Ramos said.
After reflecting on the pope's assessment, he added, the
bishops decided to hand in their resignations "to be in greater harmony
with the will of the Holy Father."
"In this way, we could make a collegial gesture in solidarity to assume
responsibility -- not without pain -- for the serious acts that have occurred
and so that the Holy Father can, freely, have us at his disposal," Bishop
Shortly after the announcement, Juan Carlos Cruz, one of
three survivors who met privately with Pope Francis in April, tweeted,
"All Chilean bishops have
resigned. Unprecedented and good. This will change things forever."
bishops will continue in office unless or until the pope accepts their
The document in which Pope Francis gave his evaluation of the situation of the
church in Chile was leaked May 17 by Chilean news channel Tele 13. The Associated Press
reported that the Vatican confirmed
the document's authenticity.
pope wrote in the document that removing some church leaders from office "must
be done," but that "it is not enough; we must go further. It would be
irresponsible of us not to go deep in looking for the roots and structures that
allowed these concrete events to happen and carry on."
In it, the pope said that "the painful situations that
have happened are indications that something is wrong with the ecclesial
The wound of sexual abuse, he said, "has been treated
until recently with a medicine that, far from healing, seems to have worsened
its depth and pain."
Reminding the bishops that "the disciple is not greater
than his master," Pope Francis warned them of a "psychology of the elite" that
ignores the suffering of the faithful.
He also said he was concerned by reports regarding "the
attitude with which
some of you bishops
have reacted in the face of present and past events."
This attitude, the pope said, was guided by the belief that
instead of addressing the issue of sexual abuse, bishops thought that
"just the removal of people would solve the problem."
In an accompanying footnote, the pope said the bishops'
behavior could be labeled as "the Caiphas syndrome," referring to the
high priest who condemned Jesus saying, "Better for one man to die for the
people than that the whole nation perish."
The act of covering up cases of abuse, he added, was akin to
the Latin American saying, "Muerto el perro se acabo la rabia"
("Dead dogs don't bite").
The document's footnotes included several details from the
investigation made by Archbishop Scicluna, who is president of a board of review within the
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; the board handles appeals filed by
clergy accused of abuse or other serious crimes.
The pope said the report confirmed that, in some instances,
the bishops deemed accusations of abuse as "implausible."
But Pope Francis said he was "perplexed and
ashamed" after he received confirmation that undue pressure by church officials was placed on
"those who carry out criminal proceedings" and that church officials
had destroyed compromising documents.
Those actions, he said, "give evidence to an absolute
lack of respect for the canonical procedure and, even more so, are reprehensible
practices that must be avoided in the future."
Following the document's release, Cruz applauded the pope's
evaluation of the abuse crisis and of the bishops' behavior toward survivors of sexual abuse.
"This is the pope that I met during my conversations in
the Vatican," Cruz told Chilean news site, Emol, May 17. "I hope all (the bishops)
resign and that the church in Chile begins to rebuild with true shepherds and
not with these corrupt bishops who commit and cover up crimes, as the document
- - -
Follow Arocho on Twitter: @arochoju- - -Copyright © 2018 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at email@example.com.
IMAGE: REUTERSBy Carol ZimmermannWASHINGTON (CNS) -- Royal wedding fever has caught on in many
places, but it has a particular soft spot at Immaculate Heart Middle School and
High School outside Los Angeles, the school Meghan Markle attended from seventh to 12th
school is located more than 5,000 miles from St George's Chapel at Windsor
Castle in England, where Markle and Prince Harry's May 19 wedding is taking place, but the
California school bridged this gap during an outdoor pre-wedding celebration
May 15. Students waved British and American flags, toasted their famous alumna
with glasses of lemonade, listened to student speeches and did a group dance all
while local and international TV and print reporters mingled among them.
students at the all-girls school were thrilled for the 1999 graduate's big day
but they were also proud of the humanitarian and activist work the actress has already
know that I'm not going to marry a prince ... but it makes me feel like, as a
woman, I can do anything, and I can be empowered by Meghan," seventh-grader Amina Brenlini told Reuters during the event, adding that Markle is her
speech during the celebration, Mia Speier, the high school student body president,
praised Markle for her dedication to service.
idea that someone like her, who has had an upbringing so similar to ours, will
now be able to voice her concerns on a global platform as an internationally
recognized figure is a story that impacts so many young women, especially the
young women at our school," said Speier.
Lissak, middle school student body president said Markle's humanitarian work
showed that "we at Immaculate Heart truly are women of great heart." Highlights of the speeches were posted on the school's website.
founded in 1906 by the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, has mission-style
terra cotta roofs and is located just a few miles from the landmark Hollywood
the 674 students have been pretty excited to say the least about the royal
wedding since the engagement was announced last November. At the time, the
communication director for the school, Callie Webb, told Catholic News Service that
some of the students had never heard of Markle and others knew every detail
about her 15-month romance with Prince Harry, her engagement, her TV career,
activism and now- discontinued lifestyle blog, The Tig.
the school tried to put the engagement news in perspective, announcing when the
news first broke in a Nov. 27 tweet: "Over 10,000 women of great heart and
right conscience have graduated from Immaculate Heart, and we are proud to
count actress and humanitarian" Markle among them.
posted a similar message that day on its Facebook account but added that as a
global ambassador for World Vision Canada, Markle campaigned for clean, safe
drinking water. And as a U.N. Women's Advocate, she has spoken up for women's
rights and gender equality.
words, the school had already been proud of its graduate for a long time.
also are fully embracing Markle's upcoming role as Duchess of Sussex.To demonstrate their dedication, and also witness history, some students, alumnae and families will attend a wedding
viewing party May 19 at the school that will start at the wee hour of 3 a.m. (PDT).
- - -
Zimmermann on Twitter: @carolmaczim- - -Copyright © 2018 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at firstname.lastname@example.org.
IMAGE: CNS photo/Paul HaringBy Cindy WoodenVATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Financial and economic decisions -- everything
from where a family chooses to invest its savings to where a multinational
corporation declares its tax residence
-- are ethical decisions that can be virtuous or sinful, a new Vatican document
"There can be no area of human action that legitimately
claims to be either outside of or impermeable to ethical principles based on
liberty, truth, justice and solidarity," said the document from the Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith and the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human
The text, "Considerations for an Ethical Discernment
Regarding Some Aspects of the Present Economic-Financial System," was approved
by Pope Francis and released May 17 at a Vatican news conference with Archbishop Luis F. Ladaria,
congregation prefect, and Cardinal
Peter Turkson, head
of the dicastery.
Based on principles long part of Catholic social teaching
and referring frequently to the teaching of St. John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI
and Pope Francis, the document insisted that every economic activity has a moral
and ethical dimension.
to questions, Archbishop Ladaria said it is true that Catholic moral theology
has focused more on questions of sexual ethics than business ethics, but that
does not mean that the economy and finance are outside the scope of Catholic moral teaching. For example, he said, over the centuries the church and the popes repeatedly have intervened to condemn usury.
Francis, he said, supported the development of the document, but the idea of
writing it and examining the ethical and moral implications of the current
economic scene came from "the grassroots."
"At stake is the authentic well-being of a majority of
the men and women of our planet who are at risk of being 'excluded and
marginalized' from development and true well-being while a minority,
indifferent to the condition of the majority, exploits and reserves for itself
substantial resources and wealth," the document said.
The size and complexity of the global economy, it said, may
lead most people to think there is nothing they can do to promote an economy of
solidarity and contribute to the well-being of everyone in the world, but every
financial choice a person makes -- especially if they act with others -- can
make a difference, it said.
"For instance, the markets live thanks to the supply
and demand of goods," it said. "It becomes therefore quite evident
how important a critical and responsible exercise of consumption and savings
Even something as simple as shopping can be important, the
document said. Consumers should avoid products manufactured in conditions
"in which the violation of the most elementary human rights is
normal." They can avoid doing business with companies "whose ethics
in fact do not know any interest other than that of the profit of their shareholders
at any cost."
Being ethical, it said, also can mean preferring to put
one's savings in investments that have been certified as socially responsible
and they can join others in shareholder actions meant to promote more ethical
behavior by the companies in which they invest.
statement distributed at the news conference, Archbishop Ladaria said that
"the origin of the spread of dishonest and predatory financial practices"
is a misunderstanding of who the human person is. "No longer knowing who
he is and why he is in the world, he no longer knows how to act for the
good" and ends up doing what seems convenient at the moment.
strongest economic subjects have become 'superstars' who hoard enormous
quantities of resources, resources that are distributed less than before and
are increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few people," he said. "It's
incredible to think that 10 people can possess almost half of the world's
wealth, but today that is a reality!"
Turkson told reporters, "a healthy economic system is vital to forge
flourishing human relationships."
help generate such healthy system, this joint document reminds us that the
resources of the world are destined to serve the dignity of the human person
and must be commonly available for the common good," the cardinal said.
The document takes aim at greed, not capitalism. In fact, it
praises economic systems and markets that respect human dignity and promote human
freedom, creativity, production, responsibility, work and solidarity.
A healthy economy, it said, promotes all of those goods and
realizes that the measure of progress is not how much money people have in the
bank, but how many people are helped to live better lives.
One key to judging how well the economy works is how many
decent jobs are created, the document said. But too often selfishness gets the
upper hand, the rich speculate and gamble, accumulating more money but not
creating more jobs.
"No profit is in fact legitimate when it falls short of
the objective of the integral promotion of the human person, the universal
destination of goods and the preferential option for the poor," the document
is especially necessary to provide an ethical reflection on certain aspects of
financial transactions which, when operating without the necessary
anthropological and moral foundations, have not only produced manifest abuses
and injustice, but also demonstrated a capacity to create systemic and
worldwide economic crisis," the document said.
global financial crisis that began in 2007, it said, created an opportunity to
review mechanisms of the economy and finance and come up with corrective
regulations, but very little has been done.
addition to the immorality of usury and tax evasion, the document signaled out other
ethically problematic practices or practices that require more regulation to
ensure ethical behavior: for example, executive bonus incentives based only on
short-term profit; the operation of "offshore" financial bases that
can facilitate tax evasion and the outflow of capital from developing
countries; "the creation of stocks of credit," like subprime
mortgages, and credit default swaps; and the growth of the "shadow banking
system."- - -Copyright © 2018 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at email@example.com.